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What is Copyright?

Why protect Copyright?

How Do I obtain Copyright?

When does Copyright expire?

What is protected by copyrights?

What is not protected by copyrights?

What right does copyright provide?

How long does copyright last?

Do I need to mark my work with a copyright notice?

What is copyright infringement?

What is plagiarism?

What is fair use?

Will the copyright office prevent others from infringing my rights?

Can libraries or educational institutions make multiple copies of parts of books or articles for student use?

Is my copyright valid in a foreign country?

Is the copyright of a foreign author valid in PNG?

What is the difference between an assignment and a license?

How has copyright kept up with advances in technology?

What is neighbouring rights?

How is copyright regulated?

What are Collective Management Organizations


Copyright is the term given to the legal protection of ideas and information which have been expressed in a certain form. The forms in which a work can be protected in PNG are:

(a) Literary and artistic works of original intellectual creations in the literary and artistic domain including in particular -

  • books, pamphlets, computer programs and other writings,
  • speeches, lectures, addresses, sermons, and other oral works,
  • dramatic, dramatic musical works, pantomimes, choreographic works, and other works created for stage productions
  • musical works, with or without accompanying words, and
  • audiovisual works, and works of architecture,
  • works of drawing, painting, sculpture, engraving, lithography, tapestry, and other works of fine art, and photographic works and works of fine art, and
  • illustrations, maps, plans, sketches and three dimensional works relative to photography, topography, architecture or science, and

(b) Derivative works including in particular -

  • translations, adaptations, arrangements and other transformations or modifications of works
  • collections of works and databases, whether in machine readable form or other forms
  • Collections of expressions of folklore provided that such collections are original by reason of selection or arrangement of their contents.

Works eligible for copyright are protected by the sole fact of their creation and irrespective of their mode or form of expression, content, quality or purpose.

Work that qualifies under any of the following categories mentioned above shall be automatically protected from the moment they are created.

Neigbouring rights (also related rights) is the term given to the rights of the persons who performs a work, or rights of a entity that produces a phonogram or rights of a entity that broadcasts a broadcast. These are the rights that have evolved and emanated around copyrights hence the term neighbouring rights.



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